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Home >> Destinations>> Bikaner
BIKANER - Citadel of Culture and Camels

Bikaner The royal fortified city with a timeless appeal. Lying in the north of the desert state, the city is dotted with many sand dune and still retains the medieval grandeur that permeates the city's lifestyle.

It is also called the camel country as it produces the best riding camels in the world and boasts of having one of the largest Camel research and breeding farm in the world.  


The Ship of the desert is an inseparable part of life here. Be it pulling heavy carts, transporting grains or working on wells, camels are the prime helpers.  


The history of Bikaner dates back to 1488 when a Rathore Prince, Rao Bikaji founded his kingdom. Bikaji was one the five sons of Rao Jodhaji the illustrious founder of Jodhpur. But Rao Bikaji was the most adventurous of them. The barren wilderness called Jangladesh became his focus point and he transformed it to an impressive city.


Modern Bikaner is the result of the foresight of its most eminent ruler Maharaja Ganga Singh (1887 1943) whose reformative zeal set the pace for Bikaner transformation from a principality to a premier princely state.


The strategic location of Bikaner on the ancient caravan routes that came from West/Central Asia made it a prime trade center in those times. Bikaner stands on a slightly raised ground and is circumscribed by a seven km. long embattled wall with five gates. The magnificent forts and palaces, created with delicacy in reddish-pink sandstone, bear testimony to its rich historical and architectural legacy. Surging lanes, colourful bazaars with bright and cheerful folks make Bikaner an interesting experience to explore. 


PLACES OF INTEREST
Junagarh Fort - BikanerJUNAGARH
Built in 1593 AD by Raja Rai Singh, a general in the army of Emperor Akbar, the fort is a formidable structure encircled by a moat and has some beautiful palaces within made of red sandstone and marble that makes a picturesque ensemble of courtyards, balconies, kiosks and windows dotted all over the structure.

Among the notable of these palaces are the exquisitely beautiful Chandra Mahal or the Moon Palace with marvelous paintings, mirrors and carved marble panels, and the Phool Mahal or Flower Palace ornate with glass and mirror work. Other palaces worth visiting are the Anup Mahal, Karan Mahal, Dungar Niwas, Ganga Niwas, Gaj Mandir and Rang Mahal. Gigantic columns, arches and graceful screens adorn the palaces from within. The Har Mandir is the majestic chapel for the royal family for worshipping their gods and goddesses
Lalgarh Palace - BikanerLAL GARH PALACE
The palace was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh in the memory of his father Maharaja Lal singh. It is architectural masterpiece in red sandstone with beautiful latticework and filigree work. Sprawling lawns with blooming bougainvillea and dancing peacocks make it a not-to-be missed visual treat.  
Part of the palace has been converted into a palace hotel and a museum known as Shri Sadul Museum which houses well preserved old photographs and trophies of wildlife.
Ganga Golder Jubilee Museum - BikanerGANGA GOLDEN JUBILEE MUSEUM
It is one of the best museums in Rajasthan, having one of the richest collections of terracotta ware, weapons, miniature paintings of Bikaner school and coins. The exhibits are splendid masterpieces of Harappan civilization, Gupta and Kushan era and sculptures of the late classical time. 
Deshnoks Karni Mata Temple - BikanerDESHNOKS KARNI MATA TEMPLE (30 Km.)
It is a famous temple dedicated to Karni Mata; an incarnation of Goddess Durga It is 600 year old, situated on the Jodhpur road. The temple has huge intricately carved silver gates, which were donated by Maharaja Ganga Singh.  

The most interesting thing about the temple are the rats who scamper freely within the sanctum sanctorum of the temple. They are regarded as sacred and are fed by priests and devotees owing to the belief that they will be reincarnated as holy men.

General Information

Area : 38.10 sq.km.
Altitude : 237 metres
Climate : Mean Max.       Mean Min.           Clothing
Summer : 41.80C              28.00C               Light Tropical
Winter : 23.20C              05.00C               Woolen
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